German fortifications (1940 – 1945)

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During the war the Germans built many fortifications along the Norwegian coast. Mandal had several fortresses, the largest at Landehobde just west of the town. There were also constructions in Furulunden. The most extensive were an air runway and a hangar at the Vestnes fields. In Furulunden there were several fortifications. These are documented and marked on the map.

Remains of German occupation:

  1. Kallhammerodden – here are two positions – machine guns with trenches.
  2. Prestheia – a simple stand for machine guns built in rock.
  3. Bankebukta – a trench was built through a small plateau towards Bankebukta.
  4. Between Sandbergs hei, Lysthuset, and Bankebukta the Germans built barracks.
  5. Sandbergs hei – a shelter was built in the hillside. The shelter went straight through the hill.
  6. Bunker at Bankebroa – a concrete construction with relatively thick walls and roof. At the bridgehead a mobile cannon of smaller calibre was stationed.
  7. Svineholmen – at the far end five small bunkers were raised and concrete platforms were built for artillery.
  8. Verksbrygga – Spidsboheia – protection for sentry at the path towards the hill. At Spidsbo there was a bunker partly in rock with the entry roofed over in concrete. This was destroyed after the war.
  9. The hill between Spidsbo and Kanelstranda – at Spidsbo there was a bunker partly in the rock, but with roof and walls over the exit in concrete. Trenches and artillery stands were built in the area.
  10. The hill between Kanelstranda and Stumpestranda – a bunker was built partly in rock, partly with walls and roof in concrete. There were made protection for gun posts and built trenches up to the artillery.
  11. Stumpestranda towards Stumpeodden – trenches were built here towards the artillery in the area.
  12. The arbour of Lord Salvesen – from the lower end of the arbour trenches were built towards Lordestranda.
  13. Loshola – below the path, just before the top of the plateau of the Loshola there was a foundation for artillery.
  14. Bestemor/Sjøsandveien – west of the road there is a concrete bunker below the sand.

All buildings at Risøbank were confiscated by the Germans. Large parts of the area towards the sea were full of mines, and there were many barbed wire fences. After the war altogether 2551 mines were removed from the area.

English translation: Kirsti Birkeland og Liv Smith

Das Lusthaus

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Das Gebäude wurde in der Mitte der 1800er Jahre aufgeführt. Es war ursprünglich ein Ausflugsort der Familie Wattne, die damals Furulunden besaβ.

Die Kommune hat Furulunden von Wattne im Jahre 1893 gekauft. Im Jahr danach wurde der Musikpavillon der Bevölkerung Mandals als Geschenk gegeben. Jahrelang war er im Sommer ein Versammlungsort. Hier wurden Konzerte veranstaltet mit Möglichkeiten dazu, Essen und Getränke zu kaufen. Heutzutage versammelt sich die Bevölkerung hier nach der 17.Mai-Nationaltagparade.

WALD

Am Anfang der 1800er Jahre wurde eine grosse Waldbepflanzung unter Leitung von Giert Tørrisson Giertsen Nedenes angefangen. Bepflanzungen von so grossen zusammenhängenden Gebieten hatte man bislang nicht in Norwegen gesehen. Im Kaufvertrag mit der Kommune wurde eine Bedingung hinzugefügt, dass der Wald nachhaltig behandelt werden sollte. Das wurde gemacht, um Vernachlässigung und Umhauen des Waldes zu verhindern.

Das ist ja warum, dass wir hier im Lusthausgebiet einige der am frühesten gepflanzten Bäume sehen können. Es sind 200 Jahre alte Kiefern und Lärchen. Einige der Lärchen sind 35 Meter hoch. So grosse Bäume sind in Norwegen ungewöhnlich.

Leider hat 1969 ein Orkan grossen Schaden gemacht. Ein grosses Gebiet von der Bankebrücke zu Speilen wurde flachgelegt. Insgesamt wurden 6000 Bäume im Furulunden/Risöbank-Gebiet davon betroffen.

Deutsch Übersetzung: Morten Bundgård

Lysthuset

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The building was raised in the mid 1800s. Originally it was a popular resort for the Wattne family who owned Furulunden.

The local council bought Furulunden from Wattne in 1893. The following year the music pavilion was given as a gift to the people of Mandal. For many years this was an excursion spot in summer. Concerts were arranged here, and you could buy food and drinks. This is now where people gather after the parade on May 17th.

Forest

At the beginning of the 1800s an extensive forestation was started by Giert Tørrisson Giertsen Nedenes. The planting of trees in such coherent areas had never been seen in this country. The sales contract with the local community stated that the area should be treated as a forest. This was done to prevent neglect and deforestation.

This is probably one of the reasons why we in this area can see some of the oldest trees. They are pine and larch trees up to 200 years old. Some of the larch trees are 35 metres high. This is quite unusual in Norway.

Unfortunately a hurricane made great damages in 1969. A large belt from Bankebroa to Speilen was flattened. Altogether more than 6000 trees fell in the Furulunden/Risøbank area.

English translation: Kirsti Birkeland og Liv Smith

Piren

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Mandalselva is one of the 10 best salmon rivers in Norway. The river is the southernmost in Norway and ends in Mandal. The river runs along Rv455 through Mandalen (the valley of Åseral, Marnardal and Mandal).

In the old days salmon fishing was part of the household, and the owners along the river had and have particular rights to fishing.
On the east side of the river Østerland Fiskeri had their rights. Laksestigene or Tjell as they are called, were used with closing nets for salmon. A guard sat in the Tjell looking for salmon which from that height was visible against the light river bed. When the call came: "salmon in the river", the closing net was thrown out from a rowing boat, and the salmon was caught.

Through the years many people are left with just small parts of the fishery, since original rights have been distributed to descendants through inheritance. Today there is no fishing with closing net in the mouth of the river.

RYVINGEN FYRSTASJON LIES TO THE EAST OF THE FJORD

The lighthouse is the southernmost in Norway and lies in Mandal municipality. The first lighthouse was built in 1867, and a new one in 1897. When the light was lit, it was the second strongest lighthouse in the world. The light was thirteen times stronger than today's. The fishermen along the coast were afraid that fish and seabirds would disappear from Skagerrak when the light was lit. The tower is 22,5 metres high, and the lighthouse has been automized since 2002. It is possible to spend the night at the lighthouse the whole year.

HATTHOLMEN FYR

The lighthouse was built in 1867, and had manning up to 1984 when it was automized. May 6 1991 Mandal Kystlag took over the running and maintenance of the lighthouse. The lighthouse was built at the same time as Ryvingen lighthouse and has a functional and visual connection to it. The lighthouse is built of wood and is a one and a half floor dwelling with an attached lightroom. The lighthouse has a lens from 1931. It was rebuilt for solar energy in 1985. The construction comprises an outhouse, hen house, machine house and an aerial cableway, stairs and bridge, in addition to a boathouse and landing. The area was adjusted to the lighthouse master and his family, and there is a garden on the islet. During the summer months it is possible to stay overnight on the lighthouse.

English translation: Kirsti Birkeland og Liv Smith

Svartbakken

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Das Risøbankgebiet wurde für allgemeinen Verkehr geöffnet, nachdem der Staat das Gebiet 1969 von der Familie Salvesen gekauft hatte. Die Bepflanzung von einem Wald wurde im letzten Teil der 1800er Jahren angefangen.

Furulunden – das Risøbankgebiet hat ein Netzwerk von Pfaden und Wegen. Die Topographie macht die Fahrbarkeit relativ einfach, auch für Behinderte.

Das Risøbankgebiet ist am meisten für die schönen Strände bekannt, aber auch hier wie im Rest von Furulunden ist eine schöne und vielfältige Natur mit vielen Vögeln zu erleben. Es gibt einen festen Rehestamm im Gebiet.

Kinderfamilien werden grosse Freude davon haben, die Spielplätze in Furulunden zu besuchen. Auf Lillebanken sind die Spielapparate im Wasser, und auf Rundingen Naturspielplatz können die Kinder Spannung in sicheren Umgebungen erleben.

Anerkannte Grille für allgemeine Benutzung sind an Rundingen, Lillebanken und an der Werksebene zu finden. Ein Besuch wert ist auch Lord Salvesens Sommerresidenz auf Risøbank.

Die Sommerstelle, die jetzt die Öffentlichkeit besitzt, wird zu verschiedenen Veranstaltungen benutzt und hat schöne ehrwürdige Gebäude und Parkanlagen im englischen Stil.

Deutsch Übersetzung: Morten Bundgård

Svartbakken

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The Risøbank area was opened to the public after the state bought the area from the Salvesen family i 1969. Forestation was started in the late 1800s.

Furulunden – the Risøbank area has a network of paths and woodland roads. The topography makes access fairly simple, also for the disabled.

The Risøbank area is renowned for its beautiful beaches, but here, as in the rest of Furulunden, you can experience varied nature, teeming with birds. There is also a permanent flock of roe-deer.

Families with small children will take great pleasure in visiting the playgrounds in Furulunden. At Lillebanken the playground is in water. At Rundingen playground children can experience excitement in a safe environment.

You can find safe barbecues at Rundingen, Lillebanken and Verksletta.

Also worth a visit is the summer residence of Lord Salvesen at Risøbank.

The residence, which is now owned by the community, is used for diverse purposes, and has impressive buildings with a greenhouse and an English-style park.

English translation: Kirsti Birkeland og Liv Smith

Giert Tørrisson Giertsen Nedenes (1772-1825)

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Nachdem der Mandalsfluss irgendwann am Ende der 1600er Jahre Flussbett wechselte, wurde das Gebiet zwischen der Stadt und Hobdeheia wie eine offene Sandebene liegend. Wenn der Wind am schlimmsten heulte, kam ein Sandsturm über die Strassen und Häuser ein, zu grosser Verzweiflung für die Einwohner.

Am Ende der 1700er Jahre fing der Amtsrichter Friederich Friedrichsen damit an, Kiefern und Lärchen westlich für Skrivergården gegen Kallhammeren zu pflänzen. Nach seinem Tod führte sein Schwiegersohn Giert Tørrisson Giertsen diese Arbeit in grösserem Ausmass weiter. Er war der reicheste Kaufmann in Mandal und hat viele verschiedene Geschäfte getrieben. Er hatte das notwendige Kapital, die Energie und die Vision, um die Arbeit mit Bepflanzung auf eine höhere Ebene zu bringen. Er ist damit der Schöpfer Furulundens geworden. «Er hat die Bäume für die kommenden Generationen gepflanzt» ist am Denkmal zu lesen.

Die Einwohner der Stadt haben die Bedeutung davon gesehen und haben die Arbeit weitergeführt. In der ersten Hälfte der 1900er Jahre wurden mehr als 100.000 Bäume gepflanzt, überwiegend von Schülern.

Heute befindet sich Furulunden als eine Art Schutzzone zwischen der Stadt und dem Meer. Es ist ganz speziell, ein solcher Wald so nahe von der Stadt zu haben, es gibt einen kurzen Abstand zu Furulunden mit vielen Pfaden und einem Strand für alle Windrichtungen.

Gute Wanderung!

Informationenschild in Furulunden

1. Denkmal  2. Das Lusthaus  3. Deutsche Befestigungen  4. Svartbakken  5. Die Werksebene Risøbank  6. Risøbank  7. Loshola  8. Der Sjøsandwald  9. Der Pier  a. Rundingen Spielplatz  
b. Lillebanken  c. Hobdeheia

Leinenzwang!

Sie sind hier

Deutsch Übersetzung: Morten Bundgård

Giert Tørrisson Giertsen Nedenes (1772-1825)

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After the Mandal river changed its direction some time in the late 1600s, the area between the town and Hobdeheia remained an open sand bank. While the wind howled, a sand storm blew over streets and houses and caused great despair among the inhabitants.

Towards the end of the 1700s Magistrate Friederich Friederichsen started planting pine and larch trees west of Skrivergården towards Kallhammeren. After his death, his son-in-law Giert Tørrisson Giertsen Nedenes continued his work at a larger scale. Giert Tørrisson Giertsen was the richest merchant in Mandal and his businesses covered many areas. He had the capital, energy, and vision needed to continue the tree planting. He has remained the founder of Furulunden. “He planted the trees to the benefit of his descendants,” was written on his column.

The inhabitants of Mandal realized the significance of this, and continued the work. In the first half of the 1900s more than 100 000 trees were planted, mostly by primary school pupils.

Today Furulunden lies as a protective belt between the town and the sea. It is unique that we have such a forest in the vicinity of the town. Furulunden is nearby, with lots of paths and a beach for every wind.

HAVE A NICE TRIP!

English translation: Kirsti Birkeland og Liv Smith

Fengsel i Mandal

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Fengsel i MandalRegjeringen har bestemt at det skal etableres et nytt fengsel på Sørlandet. Vi har presentert et svært godt alternativ til lokalisering, bygging og drift, og nå er vi et skritt nærmere etableringen av et nytt fengsel i Mandal. Vi tilfredsstiller ønskene fra departementet og Mandal vil være en god løsning både for ansatte og innsatte!

Mandal har:

  • Tilgjengelig areal nær sentrum og 20 minutter til Kristiansand på ny E39.
  • Gode rehabiliteringsmuligheter
  • Topp kvalitet på kommunale tjenester.
  • Mange aktuelle og kompetente samarbeidspartnere.
  • Politiets driftsenhet vest lokalisert i Mandal.
  • Godt og bredt sammensatt kultur og fritidstilbud
  • Sterkt og variert frivillig arbeid.
  • Gode boforhold
  • Full barnehagedekning og gode skoler
  • Livskraftig og bredt sammensatt næringsliv.
  • Vist en spesiell evne til å ta tak i nye utfordringer.

Er du bekymret for et barn?

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barnehåndMange er i tvil om når det er riktig å melde fra til barnevernet. Det kriminalitetsforebyggende råd (KRÅD) har utviklet 10 spørsmål og svar for hjelpe deg som er bekymret for et barn.

Trygg skolevei til Furulunden skole

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trygg skolevei - kart

 

FAU ved Furulunden skole har jobbet med å få til TRYGG SKOLEVEI. I den forbindelse er det opprettet 4 hjertesoner rundt skolen som skal være trygge plasser å sette av elevene på når de kjøres til skolen. Oversikt og kart over de aktuelle stedene finner du her.